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Our research feeds into our work in organisations and our communications.

We fill the most important gaps that we can in human understanding of the sustainability challenge. Occasionally the output is an academic paper. Examples include work on food systems and sustainable diets, supply chain carbon accounting methods and the climate impact of ICT.

More often, the research feeds into other publications, such as Mike’s books, client reports, or the development of practical tools for the assessment and evolution of companies, their supply chains, and their wider influence on the transition to a sustainable global society .

Selected papers

'The real climate and transformative impact of ICT: A critique of estimates, trends and regulations' Charlotte Freitag, Mike Berners-Lee, Kelly Widdicks, Bran Knowles, Gordon S. Blair, Adrian Friday, 2021. Patterns. Available onlinhere.


‘Hybrid life -cycle assessment for robust, best-practice carbon accounting’ C. Kennelly, M. Berners-Lee, C.N. Hewitt, 2019. Journal of Cleaner Production. 208, p. 35-43. 9 p. Available online here.

‘Current global food production is sufficient to meet human nutritional needs in 2050 provided there is radical societal adaptation’ M. Berners-Lee, C. Kennelly, R. Watson, C.N. Hewitt, 2018. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene. 6:1, 14 p. Available online here.

‘Greenhouse gas emissions of food waste disposal options for UK retailers’ J. Moult, S. Allan, C.N. Hewitt, M. Berners-Lee. 05/2018 In: Food Policy. 77, p. 50-58. 9 p. Available online here.

‘Mitigating the greenhouse gas emissions of food through realistic consumer choices’ C. Hoolohan, M. Berners-Lee, J. McKinstry-West, Hewitt, C.N. 12/2013 In: Energy Policy. 63, p. 1065-1074. 10 p. Available online here.

‘The relative greenhouse gas impacts of realistic dietary choices’  M. Berners-Lee, C. Hoolohan, H. Cammack and C.N. Hewitt, 2012. Energy Policy. 43: 184-190. Available online here.

‘Greenhouse gas footprinting for small businesses — The use of input–output data’ M. Berners-Lee, D.C. Howard, J. Moss, K. Kaivanto, W.A. Scott, 2011. Science of the Total Environment. 409:5: 883-891 Available online here.

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